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Anarcho-Syndicalism, Rudolf Rocker na Anarcho-Syndicalism

Ọdịnaya:

Anarcho-syndicalism bụ ngalaba nke anarchism lekwasịrị anya na mmegharị ọrụ. Syndicalisme bụ okwu French sitere na Greek nke pụtara "mmụọ njikọ" - ya mere ntozu "synicalism". Syndicalism bụ usoro akụ na ụba nkwado ọzọ. Ndị na-akwado ya na-ahụ ya dị ka ike nwere ike ime mgbanwe mgbanwe mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya, na-edochi ọchịchị ike na steeti na obodo ọhụrụ nke ndị ọrụ na-achịkwa ọchịchị onye kwuo uche ya. Okwu ahụ bụ "anarcho-syndicalism" nwere ike sitere na Spain, ebe, dị ka Murray Bookchin si kwuo, àgwà anarcho-syndicalist dị na ọrụ ọrụ kemgbe mmalite 1870 - ọtụtụ iri afọ tupu ha apụta n'ebe ọzọ. "Anarcho-syndicalism" na-ezo aka na tiori na omume nke revolutionary ulo oru n'otu mmegharị nke malitere na Spain na mgbe e mesịrị na France na mba ndị ọzọ na njedebe nke iri na itoolu na mmalite nke iri abụọ na narị afọ.

Ụlọ akwụkwọ Anarcho-syndicalism nke Anarchism

Na mmalite narị afọ nke iri abụọ, anarcho-synicalism pụtara dị ka ụlọ akwụkwọ echiche dị iche n'ime ọdịnala anarchist. Ndị ọzọ na-arụ ọrụ karịa ụdị nke anarchism gara aga, syndicalism na-ahụ otu ndị ọrụ azụmahịa dị egwu dị ka ihe nwere ike ime mgbanwe mgbanwe mmekọrịta ọha na eze, na-edochi ọchịchị ike na steeti na ọha mmadụ ọhụrụ na-agba ọsọ n'usoro ọchịchị site n'aka ndị ọrụ. Anarcho-syndicalists na-achọ kagbuo usoro nke ọrụ ụgwọ ọrụ na onwe onye nke ụzọ mmepụta, nke ha kwenyere na-eduga na klas nkewa. Ụkpụrụ atọ dị mkpa nke syndicalism bụ ịdị n'otu nke ndị ọrụ, ime ihe kpọmkwem (dịka nkwụsị izugbe na mweghachi ọrụ), na njikwa onwe onye ọrụ. Anarcho-syndicalism na ngalaba ndị ọzọ na-akpakọrịta nke anarchism anaghị ekewapụ onwe ha: anarcho-syndicalists na-ejikọta onwe ha na ụlọ akwụkwọ ndị Kọmunist ma ọ bụ mkpokọta nke anarchism. Ndị na-akwado ya na-enye otu ndị ọrụ dịka ụzọ isi mepụta ntọala nke ọha anarchist na-abụghị ndị isi n'ime usoro dị ugbu a wee weta mgbanwe mmekọrịta ọha na eze.

Ụkpụrụ bụ isi nke anarcho-syndicalism

Anarcho-Syndicalism, Rudolf Rocker na Anarcho-SyndicalismIsi ụkpụrụ nke anarcho-syndicalism bụ ịdị n'otu nke ndị ọrụ, ime ihe kpọmkwem na njikwa onwe onye. Ha bụ ngosipụta na ndụ kwa ụbọchị nke itinye ụkpụrụ libertarian nke anarchism na mmegharị ọrụ. Nkà ihe ọmụma nke anarchist nke na-akpali ụkpụrụ ndị a bụ isi na-akọwakwa nzube ha; ya bụ, ịbụ ngwa ntọhapụ onwe ya site n'ịgba ohu na ụzọ e si arụ ọrụ n'ebe ọchịchị Kọmunist nwere onwe.

Ịdị n'otu bụ nanị nnabata nke eziokwu ahụ bụ na ndị ọzọ nọ n'ọnọdụ mmekọrịta ọha na eze ma ọ bụ nke akụ na ụba ma na-eme ihe kwekọrọ na ya.

N'ikwu ya n'ụzọ dị mfe, ime ihe kpọmkwem na-ezo aka na omume e mere kpọmkwem n'etiti mmadụ abụọ ma ọ bụ otu na-enweghị enyemaka nke onye ọzọ. N'ihe banyere otu anarcho-syndicalist, ụkpụrụ nke ime ihe kpọmkwem bụ ihe dị mkpa: ịjụ isonye na ndọrọ ndọrọ ọchịchị ma ọ bụ nke steeti na ịnakwere usoro na atụmatụ ndị na-etinye ọrụ maka ime ihe n'onwe ha.

Ụkpụrụ nke ọchịchị onwe onye na-ezo aka nanị n'echiche bụ́ na nzube nke òtù ọha mmadụ kwesịrị ịbụ ijikwa ihe, ọ bụghị ijikwa ndị mmadụ. N'ụzọ doro anya, nke a na-eme ka mmekọrịta ọha na eze na imekọ ihe ọnụ kwe omume, ma n'otu oge ahụ na-eme ka o kwe omume n'ókè kasị ukwuu nke nnwere onwe onye ọ bụla. Nke a bụ ihe ndabere na-arụ ọrụ kwa ụbọchị nke obodo ndị Kọmunist libertarian ma ọ bụ, n'echiche kachasị mma nke okwu ahụ, ọgba aghara.

Rudolf Rocker: anarcho-syndicalism

Rudolf Rocker bụ otu n'ime olu ndị ama ama na mmegharị anarcho-syndicalist. N'akwụkwọ nta ya nke 1938 Anarchosyndicalism, o depụtara anya na mmalite nke mmegharị ahụ, ihe a na-achọ na ihe mere o ji dị mkpa maka ọdịnihu ọrụ. Ọ bụ ezie na ọtụtụ òtù syndicalist na-ejikọta ya na mgba ọrụ nke mmalite narị afọ nke iri abụọ (karịsịa na France na Spain), ha ka na-arụ ọrụ taa.

The anarchist ọkọ akụkọ ihe mere eme Rudolf Rocker, onye ọnọde a Ịhazi echiche nke mmepe nke anarchist echiche na ntụziaka nke anarcho-syndicalism na a spirit nwere ike iji tụnyere ọrụ nke Guerin, na-etinye ajụjụ ahụ nke ọma mgbe ọ na-ede na anarchism bụghị a ofu. , usoro mmekọrịta mmadụ na ibe ya na-ejide onwe ya, kama nke ahụ, otu ntụziaka na mmepe akụkọ ihe mere eme nke ihe a kpọrọ mmadụ, nke, n'ụzọ dị iche na nkuzi ọgụgụ isi nke ụlọ ụka niile na ụlọ ọrụ obodo, na-agbalịsi ike maka nnwere onwe n'enweghị ihe mgbochi nke onye ọ bụla na ike ọha mmadụ na ndụ. Ọbụna nnwere onwe bụ naanị ikwu na ọ bụghị echiche zuru oke, ebe ọ na-achọ mgbe niile ịgbasa na imetụta gburugburu gburugburu n'ụzọ dịgasị iche iche.

Ndị otu Anarcho-syndicalist

Òtù Ndị Ọrụ Mba Nile (IWA-AIT)

Òtù Ndị Ọrụ Mba Nile - Nkebi Portuguese (AIT-SP) Portugal

Anarchist Union Initiative (ASI-MUR) Serbia

National Confederation of Labour (CNT-AIT) Spain

National Confederation of Labor (CNT-AIT na CNT-F) France

Kwụ ọtọ! Switzerland

Federation of Social Anarchists (FSA-MAP) Czech Republic

Òtù Na-ahụ Maka Ndị Ọrụ nke Rio Grande do Sul - Njikọ Ndị Ọrụ nke Brazil (FORGS-COB-AIT) Brazil

Regional Federation of Workers nke Argentina (FORA-AIT) Argentina

Ndị ọrụ na-akwụghị ụgwọ (FAU) nke Germany

Konfederatsiya Revolyutsionnikh Anarkho-Sindikalistov (KRAS-IWA) Russia

Bulgarian Anarchist Federation (FAB) Bulgaria

Anarcho-Syndicalist Network (MASA) Croatia

Norwegian Syndicalist Association (NSF-IAA) Norway

Direct Action (PA-IWA) Slovakia

Njikọ Njikọ (SF-IWA) UK

Ịtali Union Trade Union (USI) Ịtali

Ndị ọrụ US Solidarity Alliance

FESAL (European Federation of Alternative Syndicalism)

Spanish General Confederation of Labour (CGT) Spain

Liberal Union (ESE) Greece

Ndị ọrụ na-akwụghị ụgwọ nke Switzerland (FAUCH) Switzerland

Ọrụ Initiative (IP) Poland

SKT Siberian Confederation of Labour

Ndị ntorobịa Swedish Anarcho-Syndicalist (SUF)

Ndị ọrụ Swedish Central Organisation (Sveriges Arbetares Centralorganisation, SAC) Sweden

Syndicalist Revolutionary Ugbu a (CSR) France

Ndị ọrụ ' Solidarity Federation (WSF) nke South Africa

Awareness League (AL) Nigeria

Uruguayan Anarchist Federation (FAA) Uruguay

Ndị ọrụ mmepụta ihe nke ụwa (IWW)